Arabic script was adopted as the primary script of the Persian language and the Turkish language. The end of Aramaean political independence marked the beginning of Aramaean cultural and economic supremacy in western Asia.
The script was developed about four thousand years before Christ and there was also a decimal system of numeration up to a million.
Almost as if by prearrangement, all of the alphabetic scripts west of Syria seem to have been derived, directly or indirectly, from the Canaanite alphabet, whereas the hundreds of alphabetic writings of the East apparently have sprung from the offshoots of the Aramaic alphabet.
Word-signs are pictures of objects used as the words for those objects. A cursive style reached its climax in the inscriptions at Tel Lakhish, dating from the beginning of the 6th century bce. It includes the scratching of the first five letters of the early Hebrew alphabet in their conventional order, and it belongs to the 8th or 7th century bce.
The primary literary languages were Greek and Persianthough other languages such as Syriac and Coptic were important too. The true alphabetic system has remained for 3, years, with only slight modifications, an unparalleled vehicle of expression and communication in and among the most diverse nationalities and languages.
A determinative is a picture of an object which helps the reader. One after another, the Aramaean states gave way under Assyrian onslaught. Often, words were also taken from Latinusually through French transmission.
Consonants plus vowels made a writing system that was both economical and unambiguous. The Early Hebrew alphabet had already begun to acquire its distinctive character by the 11th century bce. The Greek alphabet As in so many other things, the importance of the ancient Greeks in the history of the alphabet is paramount.
First, Early Hebrew had three secondary branches—Moabite, Edomite, and Ammonite—and two offshoots—the script of Jewish coins and the Samaritan script, still in use today for liturgical purposes only.
To the engraving of gems there is reference also, such as with seals or signets. After first writing right to left, like the Phoenicians, the Greeks eventually chose to write from left to right.
Over the centuries, various theories have been advanced to explain the origin of alphabetic writing, and, since Classical times, the problem has been a matter of serious study.
There are also many Norman-derived terms relating to the chivalric cultures that arose in the 12th century, an era of feudalism and crusading. While some scholars consider the Semitic writing system an unvocalized syllabary and the Greek system the true alphabet, both are treated here as forms of the alphabet.
The North Semitic alphabet was so constant for many centuries that it is impossible to think that there had been any material changes in the preceding two to three centuries. The Aramaic alphabet was probably also the prototype of the Brahmi script of India, a script that became the parent of nearly all Indian writings.
The change to Old English from Old Norse was substantive, pervasive, and of a democratic character. It is also argued  that Norse immigrants to England had a great impact on the loss of inflectional endings in Middle English. Only very few inscriptions have been found in Phoenicia proper.
To the west, seeds were sown among the peoples who later constituted the nation of Hellas—the Greeks.Egyptian Hieroglyphic Alphabet – write your name like an Egyptian In AD the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I closed all pagan temples throughout the empire. This action terminated a four thousand year old tradition and the message of the ancient Egyptian language was lost for years.
Paleography: Reading Old Handwriting although some assistance is given with 19th century writing too. Begin with the 1 hour basic tutorial and then work your way through the tutorials on specific letters and other paleography challenges. Practice your German paleography with this German script alphabet plus examples from the.
The Phoenicians’ contribution of the alphabet made writing easier and more accessible to other cultures, but the basic system of putting symbols down on paper to represent words and concepts began much earlier.
Durant notes. The history of the alphabet started in ancient Egypt. By BCE Egyptian writing had a set of some 22 hieroglyphs to represent syllables that begin. Of all the accomplishments of the ancient Middle East, the invention of the alphabet is probably the greatest.
While pre-alphabetic systems of writing in the Old World became steadily more phonetic, they were still exceedingly cumbersome, and the syllabic systems that gradually replaced them.
The history of writing traces the development of expressing language by letters or other marks have been carbon-dated to around BC. Book, Manuscript, Shorthand, Latin alphabet, writing system, ogham, Indus script, Mixtec.Download