Indeed, if God exists and is morally perfect and omniscient, then his will must be a perfect indicator of what is independently valuable.
Though one might well be reluctant to restrict speech, it might seem that the correct response to hate speech, as with other forms of discrimination, is regulation.
God and the Basis of Morality," in D. Clarendon, ; and T. It is a common view that if we reckon only the earthly costs and benefits of virtue, we cannot show that one is always better off being moral. On this view, the moral point of view demands an impartial concern for all.
The gods love pious things, because they are pious. Atheists and theists of other stripes need not be concerned by this objection to naturalism. What it is for something to be god-beloved is simply for it to be loved by the gods.
But traditional theists face a comparable dilemma anyway. Second, even if God does not play this metaphysical role, he might play an epistemological role if he provides us with an essential source of evidence about what is morally valuable.
What Things are Good? By contrast, a responsible agent must be able to distinguish between the intensity and authority of his or her desires, deliberate about the appropriateness of his or her desires, and regulate his or her actions in accordance with his or her deliberations.
This distributed concern for each yields a contractualist conception of impartiality. God and the Moral Order C. We may be uncertain about some particular moral judgments and rules, but surely there are some particular judgments and rules of which we are very certain, much more certain than we are about any recondite first principle.
This would be an impartial conception of practical reason that recognizes non-derivative reason to benefit others. This assumption deserves scrutiny and should be rejected. Rule-Consequentialism Brad Hooker But then the supposition that morality requires a religious foundation, as voluntarism insists, threatens, rather than vindicates, the objectivity of morality.
Some influential contemporary work in this tradition is collected in S. A traditional secular defense of morality is to argue that the demands of morality and enlightened self-interest coincide. But debates over hate speech regulation seem to force one to give priority to equality or to liberty.
In McCreary County v. It follows that the prospect of divine sanctions and rewards could provide a prudential motivation for morality that appears unavailable if we restrict our attention to secular sanctions and rewards.
Inventing Right and Wrong New York: Famine, Affluence and Morality Peter Singer Rationality and Full Information Thomas Carson In "Abraham, Isaac, and Euthyphro: For systematic defense of ethical objectivity, see David O. If God exists and is both omniscient and perfectly good, then his approval - if only we could ascertain it - would be a perfectly reliable - indeed, infallible indicator of what was good or right.Abstract.
A growing number of professional associations and occupational groups are creating codes of ethics with the goal of guiding their members, protecting.
A Puzzle About the Rational Authority of Morality Created Date: Z. Jul 31, · God and Objective Morality: A Debate William Lane Craig and Walter Sinnott-Armstrong.
God and Immortality as Postulates of Pure Practical Reason Immanuel Kant. God and the Moral Order C.
Stephen Layman. God and Morality Erik Wielenberg. Part V Value Introduction to Part V Hedonism John Stuart Mill. Format: Paperback. Home» "A Puzzle about the Rational Authority of Morality" "A Puzzle about the Rational Authority of Morality" Publication Type: Article.
Publication Details: Philosophical Perspectives 6 (): A Puzzle about the Rational Authority of Morality. Contact.
Professor David O. Brink Distinguished Professor [email protected] Philosophy. The Autonomy of Ethics – David O Brink David O Brink is Professor of Philosophy, University of California at San Diego.
Preface: In writing this paper, I am conscious of debts to Terence Irwin, Michael Moore, and Sam Rickless. Whether morality has rational authority is an open question insofar as we can seriously entertain conceptions of morality and practical reason according to which it need not be contrary to reason to fail to conform to moral requirements.Download