Unlike the psychoanalysts, they were less concerned with the thoughts and feelings behind the behaviours. For example, biological psychologists believe that schizophrenia is affected by levels of dopamine a neurotransmitter. Psychology is the scientific study of human thought, feelings and behavior.
The ego is the reality-centred, logical aspect of the mind, that allows humans to function effectively individually and as part of society. It has wide-reaching influence still in many areas, particularly developmental psychology, though some of its tenets have been all but dismissed over a century later.
That the mind is not experiencing a constant battle between good and evil, but a steady state of neutrality. There must be biological factors involved.
It furnishes us with the concept of guilt, and culturally acceptable morals. We have the innate i. The biological approach attempts to understand the healthy brain, but it also examines the mind and body to figure out how disorders like schizophrenia develop from genetic roots.
The principles of CC have been applied in many therapies. Behavior became the dominant school of psychology in the U. As such, it tends to lose sight of the role of socialization which is different in each country and the possibility of free will.
Many of the important findings in psychology from their theory of behaviorism, later evolving into the social-learning theory or cognitive social-learning theory.
Due to the different approaches, each perspective form their own assumptions and explanations. The objective of cognitive psychology is to understand how perceptions and interpretations relate to behavior. It is believed that poor health can lead to negative attitudes while poor attitudes can lead to poor health.
Each perspective provides its own view on the roots of why you do what you do. These findings have helped psychiatry take off and help relieve the symptoms of the mental illness through drugs.
Behaviorists believed that actions were responses to stimuli that were learned.
Each has their strengths and weaknesses, theories that have been subsequently quashed and ideas that have never been bettered. Adversaries to this approach were repulsed by the concept that humans did not think or feel, but only thought that they did. The objective of cognitive psychology is to understand how perceptions and interpretations relate to behavior.
Many biological psychologists have concentrated on abnormal behavior and have tried to explain it. They introduced the concepts of empirical data and reproducibility to their experiments, which were primarily concerned with observation of behaviours.
Biological psychologists research and study the correlation of this theory in an attempt to help solve some mental and emotional problems. Identical twins allow a unique perspective of being genetically identical, so in the simplest terms, high correlation of a trait between twins that are raised apart therefore excluding environmental factors indicates a strong genetic component to the trait, such as intelligence.
One of the major theories of biological psychology is that "We cannot know ourselves if we do not know our bodies. Biological psychologists research and study the correlation of this theory in an attempt to help solve some mental and emotional problems.
Stimulation of different areas of the body is important as the child progresses through the important developmental stages. Skinner have done much for the advancement of modern psychology. It is an extremely scientific approach and typically uses lab experiments to study human behavior.
Cognitive Perspective The cognitive perspective of psychology focuses on the thought process. They are also less aggressive, which is useful when there is a baby around.
Skinner have done much for the advancement of modern psychology.
Psychodynamic theory Arguably the most famous psychologist of all time, Sigmund Freud was the primary exponent of the psychodynamic or psychoanalytic theory.
The whole movement had evolved from the early philosophers, such as Aristotle and Plato. Proponents of the learning perspective think that mentalism should be abandoned for behaviorism. Cognitive Perspective The cognitive perspective of psychology focuses on the thought process.
We interpret that stimulus using our thought processes. Actions that would produce positive results tended to repeated, while those that led to negative results tended to be avoided.
This has an evolutionary function. Behaviors may even be sexually selected, i.The five major theoretical perspectives in psychology are biological, learning, cognitive, psychodynamic, and sociocultural perspectives. Each one of these perspectives searches for answers about behavior through different techniques and through looking for answers to different kinds of questions/5(1).
The five major theoretical perspectives in psychology are biological, learning, cognitive, psychodynamic, and sociocultural perspectives. Each one of these perspectives searches for answers about behavior through different techniques and through looking for answers to different kinds of questions.
Comparing the Major Theoretical Perspectives in Social Psychology social psychology is defined as “the study of the manner in which the personality, attitudes, motivations, with most of the growth occurring during the past five decades (McGarty & Haslam, ).
For this reason, it is important that psychology does have different perspectives on the understanding and study of human and animal behavior. Below is a summary of the six main psychological approaches (sometimes called perspectives) in psychology. using its basic principles, but eliminating its major flaws.
Therefore, in conclusion. There are five major psychological theories which are the psychoanalytic, learning, cognitive, contextual and evolutionary / sociobiological perspectives.
These perspectives guide scientist down a path of study and questioning that best suits their beliefs about the development of children.
From these five major perspectives there are several theories that have been developed. Theories are an explanation based on observation and reasoning. These theories seek to describe, explain, and predict child development.Download