However, Fletcher did not believe his concept of situation ethics was moral relativism. This example Situation Ethics Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only. Situation ethics thus emphasizes context. The biggest issue is that there will always be a dispute as to what is the most loving action and what this actually means in practice, everyone is subjective and have their own interpretations of different things and could see one thing as loving and another not that someone else may object.
Central to this process is the idea that situational elements alter cases, which in turn alter the principles guiding behavior. As an Episcopal priest, he argued that all behavior must be guided by the altruistic form of selfless love agapeand that situational decisions should be made ultimately with agape in mind, as opposed to specific principles or specific laws.
For example, breaking a law to prevent a terrorist attack would invoke a higher, more important cause. In contrast, situation ethics refers to a definition of right and wrong rooted in the uniqueness and variability of social situations rather than according to absolute principle.
Some critics argue that situation ethics philosophy is a version of the idea that the end justifies the means. We need a specific or definitive idea of what outcome is the most valued, right before we can decide upon which acts are needed to bring about the right thing.
For example, an absolute view would be that honesty is a moral principle and should be followed in all situations. If two people using this system of ethics came to opposite conclusions as to what they should do, there is no way there dilemma could be solved because it rejects the absolute rules that could guide their actions.
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Situation ethics would lead one to think that some situations are improved with dishonesty or that dishonesty is the better choice for some human interaction situations, usually with the argument that the truth would hurt someone needlessly.
An absolute legal point of view would be that breaking the law is always wrong, and violators should be punished. They argue that people need a firm set of moral principles to live by. In social science today, the term situation ethics has generally lost its connection to the philosophical idea of agape.
Situation ethics would lead one to think that unique situations redefine law-violating behavior. Evaluation It is clear the majority would agree the weaknesses do outweigh the strengths of situation ethics, the weaknesses show why it has not been adopted by mainstream moral thinking in any of the major Christian churches.
Fletcher believed that people must have the freedom to define situations according to the unique and special circumstances that may occur in any human encounter.
Because situation ethics does emphasize contextual appropriateness, it leads to the notion that an action indeed may be considered acceptable if the end is defined as fitting or appropriate. Situationist thinking can be seen as a response to the collapse of many moral certainties as well as the inadequacies of legalistic moral thinking but it would be more applicable to take a different approach.
As opposed to a legalistic, who follows the absolutes, and believes they must tell the truth could one day be faced with a murderer who wanted to find out where their wife was, they would be in an impossible position and most likely go against their approach. Currently, it most often refers to situational definitions of right and wrong and that rules for behavior should not be rigid in social life but vary according to the circumstances involved.
Opponents of situation ethics argue that it is moral relativism, with the result that no one set of ethics or principles is any better than another. Jesus broke the religious rules and dealt with everyone as individuals and according to circumstances.Essay: “what are advantages and disadvantages of ethical behavior in business?” Business Ethics Some commentators, such as Milton Friedman, believe that the "primary and only responsibility of business is to make money" while abiding by the law.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Situational Ethics Philosophy Essay. Print Reference this.
Published: 23rd March, Advantages of Situational Ethics. Utilitarianism theory is closely connected to the philosophy of consequentialism.
It means that the morality and ethical value are judged based on the consequences of actions. Situation Ethics Essay.
One of the most controversial topics in ethics is called situational ethics. Basically, situation ethics is a doctrine in ethics which is based on the belief that our moral code “should be based on a case-to-case basis.”What makes this doctrine controversial is that more people subscribe to the opposite idea in which morality should be absolute and withstanding.
Disadvantages 1. RS: Ethics: Situation Ethics Disadvantages/ Weaknesses of Situation Ethics This method of decision-making was condemned in by Pope Pius XII, who said it was wrong to make decisions based on individual circumstances if these went. Aristotle's virtue ethics was one of the first systematic treatments of ethical theory in the west.
While this was a very popular approach in ancient Greece and Rome it languished in the Middle Ages. Then, with the rise of other approaches includi. Advantages of situation ethics 1. RS: Ethics: Situation ethics Advantages/ Strengths of Situation Ethics Situation ethics is easy to understand and can be constantly updated for new problems and issues as they arise, such as genetic engineering and foetal research.Download