Some critics see the Underground Man as insane, while others see him as a fairly lucid—if maladjusted—observer of society and his place within it. Notes has also been considered an argument for existential choice, and, similarly a protest against utilitarianism, materialism, and positivism.
The underground man, however, attacks this triumph of science and engineering as a symbol of the absence of spontaneity and freedom.
Chords previously unheard had been struck with admirable precision. In fact, the form and style of Notes from the Underground are as radical as its content and fuse perfectly to produce an organic, if unorthodox, work of art.
No other text by Dostoevsky has exerted more influence on twentieth-century thought or technique. Without part 2, part 1 is little more than the bitter rantings of a semihysterical social misfit; without part 1, part 2 is only the pathetic narrative of a petty, self-destructive neurotic.
For a starting point, pick a passage and begin your discussion with a close reading. What are the most significant similarities and differences between them?
What value does he assign to logical, rational thinking, and how does he make use of it? He asserts his need for dignity and then forces himself into situations that can only end in his humiliation.
The first incident described in "Apropos of the Wet Snow" is an ambiguous encounter with an army officer that the underground man interprets as a personal affront. Which elements from older forms of tragedy does he include, and which does he exclude? How does Dostoevsky create this modern, realist story in a manner very different from the classical literary expectations of tragedy?
In Notes, critics have maintained, Dostoevsky showed the moral and psychological incompatibility of an autonomous personality and the purely deterministic world heralded by Chernyshevsky and other socialist radicals.
See also, Fyodor Dostoevsky Criticism. He despises them, yet he obsessively wants their acceptance and approval. He acts spitefully toward them, yet he feels personally insulted when they ignore or berate him.
Select one passage and explain how St. Shortly thereafter the notes abruptly end, with the underground man purporting that he will write no more; a comment contradicted by the heretofore silent "editor" of the notes who closes the novella by adding that the underground man "could not help going on.
Together, however, the two parts combine into a powerful statement about the nature and situation of humanity in the nineteenth century and after. Still others have focused on the underground man as a social type representative of individuals unable to establish a bond with humanity: The Underground Man abhors the way in which progressive thinkers of his era worship reason, but he does not necessarily totally reject reason outright.
In the course of his diatribe, the fictional author reveals many traits: He does not actually enjoy his sufferings, and yet he takes satisfaction in them because they make him conscious of himself and give him a feeling of The novella consists of "notes" on the philosophy and experiences of a retired, embittered recluse living in squalor in St.Notes from the Underground Essay.
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Free Essays; Essay about Notes from Underground ; Essay about Notes from Underground. Words 5 Pages. One word that has come to represent the midth century Enlightenment movement is “Reason”.
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In Notes from the Underground, Fyodor Dostoevski creates a character—the “underground man”—who is crucial not only to Dostoevski’s own best fiction but also to the whole of nineteenth. Essays and criticism on Fyodor Dostoevsky's Notes From Underground - Notes from the Underground Fyodor Dostoevsky.Download